Dr. Michael Montgomery
A Bibliography for Scotch-Irish (Scots-Irish) Studies Compiled by Michael Montgomery

Michael Montgomery is Distinguished Professor Emeritus of English and Linguistics at the University of South Carolina in Columbia, where he taught English linguistics for nearly twenty years before retiring in 1999. Previously he was on the faculty for brief periods at Memphis State University and the University of Arkansas at Little Rock. A native of Knoxville, Tennessee, he is a 1973 graduate of Maryville (TN) College and completed his Ph.D. in Linguistics at the University of Florida in 1979, writing a dissertation based on fieldwork in White Pine, Tennessee, in the foothills of the Smoky Mountains.

In the mid-1980s Montgomery began corresponding with the Californian Joseph Sargent Hall, a pioneer researcher on the speech and culture of the Great Smoky Mountains, who had begun observing and recording mountain speech in 1937. In 1990 Montgomery embarked on a project, using Hall's collections as its core, to compile a historical dictionary of southern Appalachian speech. Their Dictionary of Smoky Mountain English (Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 2004) presents the most comprehensive record of the region's characteristic vocabulary, grammar, idioms, and expressions. The volume won the Appalachian Studies Association's W. D. Weatherford Award for best non-fiction Appalachian book of the year in 2005.

Montgomery has studied, written, and spoken widely on the English of his native Appalachia for three decades. He has frequently contributed articles to journals, both scholarly and non-scholarly, to collections of essays, and other works. Among the special recognitions he has received are the Cratis D. Williams Service Award to the field of Appalachian Studies (2005), given by the Appalachian Studies Association, and the Wilma Dykeman Award (2004), given by the East Tennessee Historical Society to an author "whose writing reflects the excellence, heritage, culture, and diversity of East Tennessee and who, as an ambassador for the region and for the state, has demonstrated a commitment to the best interests of the land and the people of the region."

He was chosen to serve as section editor on language for the Encyclopedia of Southern Culture (University of North Carolina Press, 1989) and the Encyclopedia of Appalachia (University of Tennessee, 2006), contributing seven entries to the latter volume. A particular interest of his has been the historical roots of Appalachian speech in the British Isles, research that has taken him frequently to Ireland and Scotland to discover in local literature, old letters, and other archival materials what he likes to call "the voices of my ancestors." From this work he has produced more than twenty scholarly articles and a recent book, From Ulster to America: The Scotch-Irish Heritage of American English (Ulster Historical Foundation, 2006 and University of Tennessee Press, 2007). He remains actively engaged in the study and promotion of languages in that part of the world, serving as Honorary President of both the Forum for the Study of the Languages of Scotland and Ulster and of the Ulster-Scots Language Society.

Montgomery has edited six books on the English of the American South and is the co-editor (with Ellen Johnson) of the volume on language for the New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture (University of North Carolina Press, 2007). At present he is engaged in a study of the history of the English of Appalachia, based on documents and recordings that span more than three hundred years. He has served as President of the American Dialect Society (2004-06) and as Senior Associate Editor of the Society's journal American Speech (1996-present). He remains active the ADS, the Southeastern Conference on Linguistics, and other professional organizations.

A Bibliography for Scotch-Irish (Scots-Irish) Studies Compiled by Michael Montgomery

This bibliography lists 1600 books, articles, and other publications that in some fashion and over the past four centuries connect Ireland (usually Ulster) to either Scotland or North America. It seeks to bring together publications that all too often fall between the cracks (or stools) of existing bibliographies, especially ones of Irish Studies. Central to its focus are emigrants from Ulster from the early-18th century until about 1830 and their descendants until the present day. Within this focus is emphasized the extensive pre-Revolutionary stream of emigrants into the American interior, a region often referred to as the "backcountry."

Historians, both popular and academic, have often referred to this stream of the American population as "Scotch-Irish" (or "Scots-Irish"), giving it various definitions. At its narrowest it refers to Presbyterians having direct connections to Scotland (hence "Ulster-Scots"), but at its broadest a diverse cross-section of people. The term with its present-day reference dates from the late-17th century and is attested in every decade since that time. In the American colonies (Pennsylvania, Maryland, etc.) it was initially applied to emigrants known to come from Ireland who spoke with an accent reminiscent of Scotland (i.e. having a "broad" accent rather than speaking "with a brogue"). By the end of the 18th century descendants had adopted "Scotch-Irish." "Scots-Irish" is documented from the early-18th century, but has begun to rival "Scotch-Irish" only in recent years. See the compiler's "Scotch-Irish or Scots-Irish: What's in a Name?" Tennessee Ancestors 20 (2004): pp. 143-50.

"Scotch-Irish or Scots-Irish: What's in a Name?"

In subject matter the publications included range across an almost indescribably broad spectrum, from religion to architecture to music to politics to dialect, far beyond historical studies of emigration. For many years the compiler has trawled through catalogs, databases, and the references of other sources, identifying previously unlisted works deserving inclusion. That said, he has imposed three constraints, lest this list proliferate beyond control and the hope of completion.

Genealogical studies dealing with an individual, a family, or a surname are usually excluded unless they contain general information useful for the researcher. Also omitted are works on individual church congregations. Even if publications in these two categories were not legion, the compiler is an academic, not a genealogist, and is not conversant with genealogical sources that would make them accessible. The exclusion of internet sources has also been necessary, due to their extraordinary number, rapid proliferation, sometimes their impermanence, and the fact that many others are more skilled in locating them online. In part because of his training, the compiler has taken the view that most print items can be found at or tracked down through a good research library.

Such exclusions are made without apology, because the other sources are so many and so rich. Their extraordinary number speaks for itself as a gauge of the import to North America of migrants from one end of Ireland on the periphery of Europe.

The compiler is grateful to Peter Gilmore, Richard MacMaster, Kerby Miller, Lee Ramsey, and other colleagues for their assistance in assembling this work.

Michael Montgomery, 30 November 2016

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Abernethy, Thomas P. 1932. From Frontier to Plantation in Tennessee: A Study in Frontier Democracy. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

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Abernethy, Thomas P. 1957. "The Southern Frontier, an Interpretation." In The Frontier in Perspective, ed. by Walker D. Wyman and Clifton B. Kroeger, 129-42. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.

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Adair, G. W. 1892. "The Scotch-Irish of Atlanta." In The Scotch-Irish in America: Proceedings and Addresses of the Fourth Congress at Atlanta, Georgia, April 28 to May 1, 1892, 101-13. Cincinnati, OH: Robert Clarke & Co.

Adair, Patrick. 1966. A True Narrative of the Rise and Progress of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland, 1623-1670. Belfast: C. Aitchison.

Adams, G. Brendan. 1975-76. "The Diamonds of Ulster and Pennsylvania." Ulster Folk and Transport Museum Yearbook, 18-20. Holywood: Ulster Folk and Transport Museum.

Adams, William Forbes. 1932. Ireland and Irish Emigration to the New World from 1815 to the Famine. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press. Reprinted in 1980 by Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore MD.

Adamson, Ian. 1982. "The Language of Ulster." In The Identity of Ulster: The Land, the Language and the People, 73-82. Bangor, Northern Ireland: Pretani Press.

Agnew, Daniel. 1890. "The Scotch-Irish of Pennsylvania." In The Scotch-Irish in America: Proceedings and Addresses of the Second Congress at Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, May 29 to June 1, 1890, 247-55. Cincinnati, OH: Robert Clarke & Co.

Aiken, A. S., and J. M. Adair, eds. 1878. A Biographical Sketch of the Rev. John Cuthbertson, the First Reformed Presbyterian Minister in America, from 1751-1791. Pittsburgh, PA: Stevenson, Foster & Co.

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Akenson, Donald H. 1973. The United States and Ireland. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

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Akenson, Donald H. 1984. The Irish in Ontario: The Rural Majority. Montréal: McGill-Queen's University Press.

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Akenson, Donald H. 1992. God's Peoples: Covenant and Land in South Africa, Israel, and Ulster. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.

Akenson, Donald H. 1992. "The Historiography of the Irish in the United States." In The Irish in the New Communities, ed. by P. O'Sullivan, 99-127. London: Leicester University Press.

Akenson, Donald H. 1993. The Irish Diaspora: A Primer. Belfast: Institute of Irish Studies.

Akenson, Donald H. 1997. If the Irish Ran the World: Montserrat, 1630-1730. Montréal: McGill-Queen's University Press.

Akenson, Donald H. 1998. "Emigration." In Oxford Companion to Irish History, ed. by Sean J. Connolly, 170. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Akenson, Donald H. 2000. "Irish Immigration to North America, 1800-1920." In The Irish Diaspora, ed. by Andrew Bielenberg, 111-38. Harlow, England: Longman.

Alderman, Pat. 1970. The Overmountain Men: Early Tennessee History, 1760-1785. Johnson City, TN: Overmountain Press.

Alexander, Archibald. 1851. Biographical Sketches of the Founder and the Principal Alumni of Log College. Princeton, NJ.

Alexander, Harold R. 2002. "A Note on Estimates of Scotch-Irish Population." Journal of Scotch-Irish Studies 1(3): 163-72.

Alexander, Harold R. 2002. "The Ulster-American or Scotch-Irish Identity: Reflections and Analysis." Journal of Scotch-Irish Studies 1(3): 54-85.

Alexander, Harold R. 2005. "Social Service Dimensions of Scotch-Irish Fraternalism in Industrial America." Journal of Scotch-Irish Studies 2(2): 81-93.

Alexander, Harry. 2007. "The Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence." Scotch-Irish Society of the United States of America Newsletter (Fall), 3.

Alexander, John Brevard. 1997. Biographical Sketches of the Early Settlers of the Hopewell Section and Reminiscences of the Pioneers and Their Descendants by Families, with Some Historical Facts and Incidents of the Times in Which They Live. Charlotte, NC: Observer Printing House.

Alexander, John Brevard. 1902. The History of Mecklenburg County from 1740 to 1900. Charlotte, NC: Observer Printing House.

Alexander, Joyce M. 2002. "But I was Taught that Scotch was a Drink." Scotch-Irish Society of the United States of America Newsletter (Fall), 5.

Alexander, Joyce M. 2004. "An Analysis of Scotch-Irish Perceptions of the Northern Ireland Conflict." Journal of Scotch-Irish Studies 2(1): 95-130.

Allen, James Paul, and Eugene James Turner. 1988. We the People: An Atlas of America's Ethnic Diversity. New York: Macmillan.

Allison, John. 1900. "Scotch-Irish Founders of the Volunteer State." In The Scotch-Irish in America: Proceedings and Addresses of the Ninth Congress at Knoxville, Tenn., June 7-10, 1900, 151-75. Cincinnati, OH: Robert Clarke & Co.

American Council of Learned Societies Committee on Linguistic and National Stocks in the Population of the United States. 1931. "Surnames in the United States Census of 1790: An Analysis of National Origins of the Population." Annual Report of the American Historical Association 1: 107-441. Reprinted in 1969 by Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore.

Amor, William Crawford. 1896. "Scotch-Irish Bibliography of Pennsylvania." In The Scotch-Irish in America: Proceedings and Addresses of the Eighth Congress at Harrisburg, Pa., June 4-7, 1896, 253-89. Cincinnati, OH: Robert Clarke & Co.

Anderson, A. C. 1965. The Story of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland. Newcastle: Bell, Logan and Carswell.

Andrews, Charles M. 1937. The Colonial Period of American History, Volume 3: The Settlements. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Appel, John J. 1980. Immigrant Historical Societies in the United States, 1880-1950. New York: Arno.

Armstrong, Maurice W., ed. 1956. The Presbyterian Enterprise: Sources of American Presbyterian History. Philadelphia: Westminster Press.

Aron, Stephen. 1993. "The Significance of the Kentucky Frontier." Register of the Kentucky Historical Society 91: 298-323.

Arthur, John Preston. 1914. Western North Carolina: A History, 1730-1913. Asheville, NC: Edward Buncombe Chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution.

Atcheson, Stuart. 1891. "The Scotch-Irish in Canada." In The Scotch-Irish in America: Proceedings and Addresses of the Third Congress at Louisville, 195-212. Cincinnati, OH: Robert Clarke & Co.

Avery, I. W. 1892. "The Scotch-Irish Statesmen and Settlers of Georgia." In The Scotch-Irish in America: Proceedings and Addresses of the Fourth Congress at Atlanta, Georgia, April 28 to May 1, 1892, 204-19. Cincinnati, OH: Robert Clarke & Co.

Avery, Ruth, Chris Lepine, et al., eds. 1985. Our Heritage: Londonderry Presbyterian Church 1735-1985. Londonderry, NH: The Church.

Aviotte, Elodie. 2003. "Ulster Presbyterian Emigration to America: The Absence of a Unionist Political Dimension in America." Familia: Ulster Genealogical Review 19: 75-89.

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Bacot, D. Huger. 1923. "The South Carolina Up Country at the End of the Eighteenth Century." American Historical Review 28: 682-98.

Bagenal, Philip H. 1982. The American Irish and Their Influence on Irish Politics. London: K. Paul Tranch and Co.

Bailey, James D. 1926. Commanders at Kings Mountain. Gaffney, SC: E. H. DeCamp.

Baillie, W. Desmond et al., eds. 1982. A History of Congregations in the Presbyterian Church in Ireland, 1610-1982. Belfast: published for the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland by the Presbyterian Historical Society of Ireland.

Bailyn, Bernard. 1986. Voyagers to the West: A Passage in the Peopling of America on the Eve of the Revolution. New York: Vintage.

Bailyn, Bernard. 1988. The Peopling of British North America: An Introduction. New York: Vintage.

Bailyn, Bernard. 2005. Atlantic History: Concept and Contours. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Bair, Robert Cabeen. 1902. "The Scotch-Irish Conquest." In The Scotch-Irish in America: Proceedings and Addresses of the Tenth Congress at Chambersburg, Pa., May 30-June 2, 1901, 115-35. Cincinnati, OH: Robert Clarke & Co.

Baldwin, Leland D. 1939. Whiskey Rebels: The Story of a Frontier Uprising. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press.

Ball, Duane. 1976. "Dynamics of Population and Wealth in Eighteenth-Century Chester County, Pennsylvania." Journal of Interdisciplinary History 6: 621-44.

Ball, Duane, and G. M. Walton. 1976. "Agricultural Productivity Change in Eighteenth-Century Pennsylvania." Journal of Economic History 36: 102-17.

Ballagh, James Curtis. 1995. White Servitude in the Colony of Virginia. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press.

Baller, Robert, Matthew Zevenbergen, and Steven Messner. 2009. "The Heritage of Herding and Southern Homicide." Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency 6: 275-300.

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Bankhurst, Benjamin. 2013. "Early Irish America and Its Enemies: Ethnic Identity Formation in the Era of the Revolution." Journal of Irish and Scottish Studies 5

Bankhurst, Benjamin. 2013. Ulster Presbyterians and the Scots Irish Diaspora, 1750-1764. Palgrave Macmillan.

Baraniuk, Carol. 2017. "'I still shall bless my native home': James Orr's Narrative of Exile and Return." In Ulster-Scots and America: Diaspora Literature, History and Migration, 1750-2000, ed. by Frank Ferguson and Richard K. MacMaster. Dublin: Four Courts.

Barkley, J. M. 1963. The Eldership in Irish Presbyterianism. Belfast.

Barkley, J. M. 1981. Francis Makemie of Ramelton: Father of American Presbyterianism. Belfast: Presbyterian Historical Society.

Barkley, John M. 1981. "The Presbyterian Minister in Eighteenth Century Ireland." In Challenge and Conflict: Essays in Irish Presbyterian History and Doctrine. Antrim.

Barna, Frank. 1971. "The Frontiersman as Ethnic: A Brief History of the Scotch-Irish." In Ethnic Groups in the City, ed. by Otto Feinstein, 155-64. Lexington, MA: Heath Lexington Books.

Barone, Dennis. 1986. "James Logan and Gilbert Tennent: Enlightened Classicist versus Awakened Evangelist." Early American Literature 21: 103-17.

Bartlett, Virginia. 1994. Keeping House, Women's Lives in Western Pennsylvania 1790-1850. Pittsburgh: Historical Society of Western Pennsylvania.

[Barton, Thomas]. 1764. The Conduct of the Paxton Men, Impartially Considered. Philadelphia.

Bassett, John S. 1996. The Regulators of North Carolina (1765-71). Chapel Hill: Documenting the American South (Project); University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Library.

Bates, S. P. 1886. History of Cumberland and Adams Counties, Pennsylvania. Containing History of the Counties, Their Townships, Towns, Villages, Schools, Churches, Industries, etc.; Portraits of Early Settlers and Prominent Men; Biographies; History of Pennsylvania; Statistical and Miscellaneous Matters. Chicago: Werner, Beers and Company.

Baxter, Lionel Francis, and John William Baxter, Sr. 1989. A Baxter Family from South Carolina: Scotch Irish Pioneers from Ulster. Petersburg, FL and Los Altos, CA: Genealogy Publishing Service.

Bayard, Samuel Preston. 1944. Hill Country Tunes, Instrumental Folk Music of Southwestern Pennsylvania. Philadelphia: American Folklore Society.

Bayard, Samuel Preston. 1982. Dance to the Fiddle, March to the Fife: Instrumental Folk Tunes in Pennsylvania. State College, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press.

Baynham, Edward G. 1870. A History of Pittsburgh Music, 1758-1958. Privately published.

Bayor, Ronald H., and T. J. Meagher, eds. 1996. The New York Irish. Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Bean, R. Bennett. 1939. The Peopling of Virginia. Boston: Chapman and Grimes.

Beattie, S. 1991. "Emigration from North Donegal." Donegal Annual 44: 14.

Beeman, Richard R. 1984. The Evolution of the Southern Backcountry: A Case Study of Lunenburg County, Virginia, 1746-1832. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Beeman, Richard R. 2004. The Varieties of Political Experience in Eighteenth-Century America. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Belcher, E. A., and James A. Williamson. 1924. Migration within the Empire. London: Collins.

Belcher, John C. 1962. "Population Growth and Characteristics." In The Southern Appalachian Region: A Survey, ed. by Thomas R. Ford, 37-53. Lexington: University of Kentucky Press.

Belknap, Jeremy. 1912. The History of New Hampshire, Vol. II. Dover, NH: O. Crosby and J. Varney.

Bell, Mrs. Jno. M. 1889. Biographical Sketch of Rev. William Martin: Notes on the Life of the Reverend William Martin, First Chester County Covenanter Preacher and Patriot of the Revolution, Born in Ireland 1729, Died in Chester County 1807. Chester, SC: n.p.

Bell, Robert. 1988. The Book of Ulster Surnames. Belfast: Blackstaff Press. Reprinted in 1998 as The Book of Scots-Irish Family Names by Blackstaff.

Benes, Peter. 1973. "John Wight: The Hieroglyph Carver of Londonderry." Old-Time New England 6: 231-41.

Benjamin, T., T. D. Hall, and D. E. Rutherford, eds. 2001. The Atlantic World in the Age of Empire. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Benson, Erica J. 2004. "This Girl Wants Out! An Analysis of need/want + Prepositional Phrase and need/want + Prepositional Adverb." Michigan State University Ph.D. dissertation.

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Benson, Erica J. 2012. "Need + Prepositional Adverb in the Midland: Another Feature Needs In." Journal of English Linguistics 40: 224-255.

Bentley, Blanche. 1920. "Tennessee Scotch Irish Ancestry." Tennessee Historical Magazine 5(Jan.): 201-11.

Berlin, Ira, and H. G. Gutman. 1983. "Natives and Immigrants, Free Men and Slaves: Urban Workingmen in the Antebellum South." American Historical Review 88: 1175-1200.

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Berthoff, Rowland. 1986. "Celtic Mist over the South." Journal of Southern History 52: 52-80.

Betit, Kyle J. 1994-95. "Scots-Irish in Colonial America." Irish at Home and Abroad 2(1): 2-8.

Billings, Warren, John E. Selby, and Thad W. Tate. 1986. Colonial Virginia: A History. White Plains, NY: KTO.

Billington, Ray Allen. 1938. The Protestant Crusade, 1800-1860: A Study of the Origins of American Nativism. New York: Macmillan. Reprinted in 1964 by Quadrangle Books, Chicago.

Billington, Ray Allen. 1949. Westward Expansion: A History of the American Frontier. 2nd ed. New York: Macmillan.

Birch, Thomas Ledlie. 1799. A Letter from an Irish Emigrant to His Friend in the United States Giving an Account of the Rise and Progress of the Commotions in Ireland of the United Irishmen and Orange Societies and of Several Battles and Military Executions. Philadelphia.

"Bishop J. C. F. Camerhoff's Narrative of Journey to Shamokin, Penna." 1905. Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 29: 160-79.

Black, George F. 1921. Scotland's Mark on America. New York: Scottish Section of "America's Making."

Black, George F. 1962. The Surnames of Scotland: Their Origins, Meaning and History. New York Public Library. Reprinted 1999 by Birlinn, Edinburgh.

Black, E. 1988. "Captain Alexander Chesney: A Loyalist during the American Revolution." Familia 4.

Blair, Charles. 2012. "The Scotch-Irish in the Shenandoah Valley." Scotch-Irish Society of the United States of America Newsletter (Winter), 10.

Blake, John W. 1992. "Transportation from Ireland to America, 1653-1660." Irish Historical Studies 3: 267-81.

Blake, John W. 1981. "The Ulster-American Connection: Synopsis and Epilogue." In The Ulster-American Connection, ed. by John W. Blake, 33-40. Coleraine, Northern Ireland: New University of Ulster.

Blakemore, John A. Buchanan. 1986. The Family History of James Buchanan, Son of Alexander Buchanan of Pennsylvania, 1702-1976. Bristol, VA: Quality Printers.

Blanc, Robert E. 1939. James McHenry (1785-1845), Playwright and Novelist. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Blenerhasset, Thomas. 1610. The Plantation in Ulster, London: Ed Allde for John Budge. Reprinted in facsimile as The English Experience: Its Record in Early Printed Books Published in Facsimile 37. Amsterdam: Theatrvn Orbis Terravm, 1972.

Blessing, Patrick J. 1992. The Irish in America: A Guide to the Literature and the Manuscript Collections. Washington, DC: Catholic University Press.

Blethen, H. Tyler. 1995. "The Scotch-Irish Heritage of Southern Appalachia." In Appalachia Inside Out: Volume I, Conflict and Change, ed. by Robert Higgs et al., 2-8.

Blethen, H. Tyler, and Curtis W. Wood, Jr. 1991. "A Trader on the Western Carolina Frontier." In Appalachian Frontiers: Settlement, Society, and Development in the Pre-Industrial Era, ed. by Robert D. Mitchell, 150-66. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Blethen, H. Tyler, and Curtis W. Wood, Jr. 1993. From Ulster to Carolina: The Migration of the Scotch-Irish to Southwestern North Carolina. Cullowhee, NC: Western Carolina University; revised ed. published 1998 by North Carolina Department of Cultural Resources, Raleigh.

Blethen, H. Tyler, and Curtis W. Wood, Jr., eds. 1997. Ulster and North America: Transatlantic Perspectives on the Scotch-Irish. Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press.

Reviews:
Akenson, Donald Harman. 1997. Tennessee Historical Quarterly 56: 311-12.
Canny, Nicholas. 2001. William & Mary Quarterly, third series, 58: 548-50.
Costa, Tom. 1998. North Carolina Historical Review 75: 102-03.
Preyer, Norris W. 1998. Journal of Southern History 6 (3): 715-716.
Thorp, Daniel B. 1998. Georgia Historical Quarterly 82: 173-74.
Weaver, Jack W. 1999. American Speech 74: 328-32.

Blethen, H. Tyler and Curtis W. Wood, Jr. 2006. "Scots-Irish." In The Encyclopedia of Appalachia, ed. by Rudy Abramson and Jean Speer, 275-76. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

Bockelman, Wayne L., and Owen S. Ireland. 1974. "The Internal Revolution in Pennsylvania: An Ethno-Religious Interpretation." Pennsylvania History 41: 125-59.

Bodie, Charles A. 1895-1902. "James McDowell, Builder of Col Alto and Virginia Statesman." Proceedings of the Rockbridge Historical Society 12: 237-42.

Boling, Bruce D. 2003. "Text and Language." In Irish Immigrants in the Land of Canaan, ed. by Kerby Miller et al., 649-56. New York: Oxford University Press.

Bolton, Charles K. 1910. Scotch-Irish Pioneers in Ulster and America. Boston: Bacon and Brown. Reprinted in 1967 by Genealogical Publishing Company, Baltimore, MD.

Bolton, Herbert Eugene, and Thomas Maitland Marshall. 1920. The Colonization of North America 1492-1783. New York: Macmillan.

Bond, Donovan H. 2013. The Scots-Irish in the Virginias and the Carolinas. Bruceton Mills, WV: Unicorn.

Bonomi, Patricia U. 1986. Under the Cope of Heaven, Religion, Society and Politics in Colonial America. New York: Oxford University Press.

Boorstin, Daniel J. 1958. The Americans: The Colonial Experience. New York: Random House.

Bordsen, Alice L. 1992. "Scottish Attitudes Reflected in the Library History of North Carolina." Libraries & Culture 27: 121-42.

Boudinot, Elias. 1815. Memoirs of the Life of the Rev. William Tennent: Formerly Pastor of the Presbyterian Church at Freehold, in New-Jersey ... Poughkeepsie [N.Y.]: Paraclete & Sheldon Potter.

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Boyd, Stephen, ed. 1985. The Whiskey Rebellion, Past and Present Perspectives. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Brackenridge, Henry Marie. 1859. History of the Western Insurrection in Western Pennsylvania, Commonly Called the Whiskey Insurrection. Pittsburgh: W. S. Haven.

Brackenridge, Hugh Henry. 1795. Incidents of the Insurrection in the Western Parts of Pennsylvania, in the Year 1794. Philadelphia: John M'Culloch.

Bradley, A. G. 2012. "The Ulster Scot in the United States." Nineteenth Century 71: 1121-33.

Bradshaw, B., and J. Morrill. 1996. The British Problem, c.1534-1707: State Formation in the Atlantic Archipelago. New York: St. Martins.

Breed, W. P. 1876. Presbyterians and the Revolution. Philadelphia: Presbyterian Board of Publication.

Breen, T. H. 1984. "Creative Adaptations: Peoples and Cultures." In Colonial British America: Essays in the New History of the Early Modern Era, ed. by Jack Greene and J. R. Pole, 195-232. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Brennan, James F. 2010. "The Irish Settlers of Southern New Hampshire." Journal of the American Irish Historical Society 9. Reprinted as a pamphlet.

Bric, Maurice J. 1985. "The Irish and the Evolution of the 'New Politics' in America." In The Irish in America: Emigration, Assimilation and Impact, ed. by P. J. Drudy, 143-67. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bric, Maurice J. 2001. "Patterns of Irish Emigration to America, 1783-1800." Eire-Ireland 36(1-2): 10-28.

Bric, Maurice J. 2008. Ireland, Philadelphia and the Re-Invention of America, 1760-1800. Dublin: Four Courts Press.

Bridenbaugh, Carl. 1952. "The Back Settlements." In Myths and Realities: Societies of the Colonial South. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press. Reprinted 1963 by Atheneum, New York.

Bridenbaugh, Carl. 1955. Cities in Revolt: Urban Life in America, 1743-1776. New York: Knopf.

Bridenbaugh, Carl. 1962. Mitre and Sceptre: Transatlantic Faiths, Ideas, Personalities and Politics 1689-1775. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

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Bridenbaugh, Carl. 1946. William and Mary Quarterly 3: 139-40.
Gidden, Paul H. 1945. Mississippi Valley Historical Review 31: 607-08.
Hunter, William A. 1980. Pennsylvania Magazine of History & Biography 104: 129-30.

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Dunlop, Eull. 2012. "Truly Trans-Atlantic Talk: Reflections on a Vibrant Scotch-Irish Volume by Michael Montgomery." Journal of Scotch-Irish Studies 3(3): 117-20.

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Dykeman, Wilma. 1976. Tennessee: A Bicentennial History. New York: Norton.

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Fisk, William L. 1995. The Scottish High Church Tradition in America: An Essay in Scotch Irish Ethnoreligious History. Lanham, MD: University Press of America.

Reviews:
Schmidt, Leigh Eric. 1996. Church History 65: 736-37.
Taylor, Thomas Templeton. 1996. North Carolina Historical Review 73: 115-16.

Fiske, John. 1900. "The Scotch-Irish in Virginia." In Old Virginia and Her Neighbors. New York: Houghton, Mifflin, and Company.

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Fitzgerald, Patrick. 2004. "Teaching Irish Migration Studies." Familia: Ulster Genealogical 20: 74-84.

Fitzgerald, Patrick. 2005. "Scottish Migration to Ireland in the Seventeenth Century." In Scottish Communities Abroad in the Early Modern Period: Studies in Medieval and Reformation Traditions: History, Culture, Religion, Ideas, ed. by Alexia Grosjean and Steve Murdoch, 27-52. Leiden/Boston: Brill.

Fitzgerald, Patrick. 2006. "Mapping the Ulster Diaspora 1607-1960." Familia 22: 1-17.

Fitzgerald, Patrick, and Brian K. Lambkin. 2008. Migration in Irish History, 1607-2007. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

Fitzpatrick, David. 1984. Irish Emigration, 1801-1921. Dublin: Economic and Social History Society of Ireland; 3rd ed., 1990.

Fitzpatrick, David. 1989. "Emigration 1800-1870." In A New History of Ireland V: Ireland under the Union I, 1801-'70, ed. by W. E. Vaughn. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Fitzpatrick David. 1996. "Emigration, 1871-1921." In A New History of Ireland VI: Ireland under the Union, II, 1870-1921, ed. by W. E. Vaughn. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

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Ford, Henry Jones. 1915. The Scotch-Irish in America. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Review:
Anonymous. Mississippi Valley Historical Review 3: 235-37.

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Review:
Smart, James G. Historical New Hampshire 45: 257-260.

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Futhey, J. S., and G. Cope. 1881. History of Chester County, Pennsylvania, with Genealogical and Biographical Sketches. Philadelphia: Louis H. Everts. .

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Gilmore, Peter. 1999. "Scots-Irish" Words from Pennsylvania's Mountains, Taken from the Shoemaker Collection. Bruceton Mills, WV: Scotpress.

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Gilmore, Peter. 2005. "'If They would Come to America': Inheritance as a Form of Chain Migration." Familia: Ulster Genealogical Review 21: 1-10.

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Glasgow, Maude. 1936. The Scotch-Irish in Northern Ireland and in the American Colonies. New York: G. P. Putnam's Sons.

Reviews:
Corrigan, R. 1937. Catholic Historical Review 22 453-54.
Wittke, Carl. 1936. Mississippi Valley Historical Review 23: 259-60.

Glasgow, William. 1888. History of the Reformed Presbyterian Church in America with Sketches of All her Ministry, Congregations, Missions, Institutions, Publications, etc. Baltimore: Hill & Harvey. Reprinted 2007 by Reformation Heritage Books, Grand Rapids, MI.

Glass, Joseph W. 1986. The Pennsylvania Culture Region. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Glassie, Henry. 1968. Pattern in the Material Folk Culture of the Eastern United States. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Glassie, Henry. 1968. "The Types of the Southern Mountain Cabin." In The Study of American Folklore, ed. by Jan Harold Brunvand, 333-70. New York: Norton.

Glassie, Henry. 1972. "Eighteenth-Century Cultural Process in Delaware Valley Folk Building." Winterthur Portfolio 7: 29-57.

Glassie, Henry. 1982. Passing the Time in Ballymenone. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Review:
Raitz, Karl B. 1993. "Henry Glassie, Culture, and the Scotch-Irish." Appalachian Journal 10: 255-64.

Glassie, Henry. 1986. "Irish." In America's Architectural Roots, ed. by Dell Upton, 75-79. Washington, DC: Preservation Press.

Gleason, Philip. 1983. "Identifying Identity: A Semantic History." Journal of American History 69: 910-31.

Gleeson, David T. 2001. The Irish in the South: 1815-1877. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Gleeson, David T. 2006. "Irish." In The South Carolina Encyclopedia, ed. by Walter Edgar, 483-84. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press.

Gleeson, David T. 2006. "Smaller Differences: 'Scotch-Irish' and 'Real Irish' in the Nineteenth-Century American South." New Hibernia Review 10: 68-91.

Gleeson, David T. 2010. "The Irish Atlantic?" In The Irish in the Atlantic World, ed. by David T. Gleeson, 1-17. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press.

Gleeson, David T. 2013. The Green and the Gray: The Irish in the Confederate States of America. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Goodfriend, Joyce D. 1989. "A New Look at Presbyterian Origins in New York City." American Presbyterians 67: 199-207.

Gordon, James Gay. n.d. The Scotch-Irish and American Citizenship: An Address. n.p.

Gould, E. 2000. The Persistence of Empire: British Political Culture in the Age of the American Revolution. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Gower, Herschel, and Jack Allen. 1959. Pen and Sword: The Life and Journals of Randal W. McGavock. Nashville: Tennessee Historical Commission.

Graham, Brian, ed. 1987. In Search of Ireland: A Cultural Geography. London: Routledge.

Graham, Ian C. C. 1956. Colonists from Scotland: Emigration to North America, 1707-1783. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, for the American Historical Association.

Gray, W. C. 1894. "How God Made the Scotch-Irish." In The Scotch-Irish in America: Proceedings and Addresses of the Sixth Congress at Des Moines, Ia., June 7-10, 1894, 114-28. Cincinnati, OH: Robert Clarke & Co.

Greaves, R. L. 1997. God's Other Children: Protestant Nonconformists and the Emergence of Denominational Churches in Ireland, 1669-1700. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Greeley, Andrew M. 1988. "The Success and Assimilation of Irish Protestants and Irish Catholics in the United States." Sociology and Social Research 72: 229-36.

Green, E. R. R. 1950-51. "The Scotch-Irish and the Coming of the Revolution in North Carolina." Irish Historical Studies 7: 78-86.

Green, E. R. R. 1952. "Scotch-Irish Emigration: An Imperial Problem." Western Pennsylvania Historical Magazine 35: 193-209.

Green, E. R. R. 1955. "The 'Strange Humours' That Drove the Scotch-Irish to America, 1729." William & Mary Quarterly, third series, 12: 113-23.

Green, E. R. R. 1960. "Queensborough Township: Scotch-Irish Emigration and the Expansion of Georgia, 1763-1776." William & Mary Quarterly, third series, 17: 183-99.

Green, E. R. R, ed. 1969. Essays in Scotch-Irish History. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. Reprinted with a new introduction by Steve Ickringill by the Ulster Historical Foundation, Belfast.

Review:
Wright, Louis B. 1971. American Historical Review 76: 828.

Green, E. R. R. 1969. "Ulster Emigrants' Letters." In Essays in Scotch-Irish History, ed. by E. R. R. Green, 87-103. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Green, E. R. R. 1971. "Queensborough." Georgia Genealogist 8: 4.

Green, Henry D. 1982. "Furniture of the Georgia Piedmont before 1820." Art & Antiques 5: 80-87.

Green, Samuel Swett. 1895. "The Scotch-Irish in America: A Paper Read as the Report of the council of the American Antiquarian Society, at the Semi-Annual Meeting, April 24, 1895, with Correspondence Called Out by the Paper." Worcester, MA: C. Hamilton. Also published in 1896 as "The Scotch-Irish in America." Proceedings from the American Antiquarian Society, new series, 10: 32-70.

Greene, Jack P. 1988. Pursuits of Happiness: The Social Development of Early Modern British Colonies and the Formation of American Culture. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press. Get pages"

Greenough, Jan. 2005. "From Hedge School to Old Field School: Influences on Southern Education from across the Atlantic." Journal of Scotch-Irish Studies 2(2): 8-22.

Griffin, Patrick. 2001. "The People with No Name: Ulster's Migrants and Identity Formation in Eighteenth-Century Pennsylvania." William & Mary Quarterly, third series, 58: 587-614.

Griffin, Patrick. 2001. The People with No Name: Ireland's Ulster Scots, America's Scots Irish, and the Creation of a British Atlantic World, 1689-1764. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Reviews:
Blethen, H. Tyler. 2002. William & Mary Quarterly, third series, 59: 1003-06.
Cullen, L. M. 2002. English Historical Review 474: 1351-52.
Gleeson, David T. 2003. "Insiders Outside: The Scots-Irish and the English in America." Journal of American Ethnic History 22(3): 82-84.
Hofstra, Warren. 2003. Journal of American History 89: 15. 2003.
Kidd, Thomas S. 2003. Reviews in American History 31: 204-10.
Lenman, Bruce P. 2002. H-Net Reviews in the Humanities & Social Sciences. http://www.h-net.org/reviews/showrev.php?id=7041. Also in Irish Studies Review 13(1): 2005.
Noonkesser, Myron C. 2003. History Teacher 36: 264-65.
Palmer, Stanley H. 2002. History: Reviews of New Books 30(2): 61.
Wokeck, Marianne S. 2002. New England Quarterly 75: 514-16.

Griffin, Patrick. 2006. "The Two Migrations Myth, the Scotch-Irish, and Irish American Experience." In Re-Imagining Ireland, ed. by Andrew Higgins Wyndham, 244-47. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press.

Griffin, Patrick. 2011. "Searching for Independence: Revolutionary Kentucky, Irish American Experience, and Scotch-Irish Myths, 1770s-1790s." In Ulster to America: The Scots-Irish Migration Experience, 1680-1830, ed. by Warren R. Hofstra, 211-32. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

Griffin, Patrick. 2013. "Irish Migration to the Colonial South: A Plea for a Forgotten Topic." In Rethinking the Irish in the American South: Beyond Rounders and Reelers, ed. by Bryan Albin Giemza, 51-73. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi.

Griffin, William D., ed. 1973. The Irish in America, 550-1972. Dobbs Ferry, NY: Oceana.

Grosjean, Alexia, and Steve Murdoch, eds. 2005. "Introduction." In Scottish Communities Abroad in the Early Modern Period (Studies in Medieval and Reformation Traditions: History, Culture, Religion, Ideas), 1-24. Leiden/Boston: Brill.

Grubb, Farley. 1984. "Immigration and Servitude in the Colony and Commonwealth of Pennsylvania: A Quantitative and Economic Analysis." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Chicago.

Grubb, Farley. 1985. "The Market for Indentured Immigrants: Evidence of the Efficiency of Forward-Labor Contracting in Philadelphia, 1745-1773." Journal of Economic History 45: 855-68.

Grubb, Farley. 1986. "Redemptioner Immigration to Pennsylvania, Evidence on Contract Choice and Profitability." Journal of Economic History 46: 407-18.

Grubb, Farley. 1988. "The Auction of Redemptioner Servants, Philadelphia, 1771-1804: An Economic Analysis." Journal of Economic History 48: 583-603.

Grubb, Farley. 1988. "British Immigration to Philadelphia: The Reconstruction of Ship Passenger Lists from May 1772 to October 1773." Pennsylvania History 55: 118-41.

Grubb, Farley. 1989. "Servant Auction Records and Immigration into the Delaware Valley, 1745-1831: The Proportion of Females among Immigrant Servants." Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society 133: 154-69.

Grubb, Farley. 1992. Runaway Servants, Convicts, and Apprentices advertised in the Pennsylvania gazette, 1728-1796. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co.

Grubb, Farley. 1994. "The End of European Immigrant Servitude in the United States: An Economic Analysis of Market Collapse, 1772-1835." Journal of Economic History 54: 794-824.

Grubb, Farley. 2000. "The Transatlantic Market for British Convict Labor." Journal of Economic History 60: 94-122.

A | B | C | D | E | F | G | H | I | J | K | L | M | N | O | P | Q | R | S | T | U | V | W | X | Y | Z

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Hale, John P. 1986. Trans-Allegheny Pioneers. Cincinnati. Third edition ed. by Harold J. Dudley and published by Derreth Printing Company, Raleigh, NC, in 1971.

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Hall, John. 1889. "Scotch-Irish Characteristics." In The Scotch-Irish in America: Proceedings of the Congress at Columbia, Tennessee, May 8-11, 1889, 102-09. Cincinnati, OH: Robert Clarke & Co.

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Hall, Russell E. 1982. "American Presbyterian Churches - A Genealogy, 1706-1982." Journal of Presbyterian History 60: 95-128.

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Hamilton, A. Boyd, 1878-1910. "When was the Kittatinny or Cumberland Valley Settled?" In Notes and Queries, Historical, Biographical, and Genealogical, Relating Chiefly to Interior Pennsylvania (third series, twelve volumes), ed. by William H. Egle. Reprinted from Harrisburg Daily Telegraph, series 1-2, vol. III, Harrisburg, PA: Harrisburg.

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Handlin, Oscar. 1979. Boston's Immigrants, 1790-1880: A Study in Acculturation. New York:

Hankins, Caneta Skelley. 1995. "Hugh Rogan of Counties Donegal and Sumner: Irish Acculturation in Frontier Tennessee." Tennessee Historical Quarterly 54: 306-23. Reprinted in 1998 in Tennessee History: The Land, the People, and the Culture, ed. by Carroll Van West, 56-79. Knoxville, TN: University of Tennessee Press. Reprinted in 2001 in Donegal Journal, County Donegal Historical Society, Issue 53.

Hanna, Charles A. 1902. The Scotch-Irish or The Scot in North Britain, North Ireland, and North America, 2 vols. New York: Knickerbocker Press. Reprinted in 1995 by Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, MD.

Review:
Jackson, Samuel Macauley. 2002. American Historical Review 8: 136-37.

Hanna, Charles A. 2011. The Wilderness Trail: Or the Ventures and Adventures of the Pennsylvania Traders on the Allegheny Path, With Some New Annals of the Old West, and the Records of Some Strong Men and Some Bad Ones. 2 vols. New York and London: G. P. Putnam's Sons, Knickerbocker Press.

Hanna, Ronnie. 1992. "By Dawn's Early Light: Ulster Emigration to Freedom and the New World in the Eighteenth Century." New Ulster, Spring.

Hanna, Ronnie. 1992. Land of the Free: Ulster and the American Revolution. Belfast: Ulster Society Publications.

Hanna, Ronnie. 1996. The Highest Call: Ulster and the American Presidency. Belfast: Ulster Society.

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Hansen, Marcus Lee, and Arthur M. Schlesinger. 1961. The Atlantic Migration, 1607-1860. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Hardman, Keith J. 1994. Seasons of Refreshing: Evangelism and Revivals in America. Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Books.

Harper, Miles D. 1958. Gilbert Tennent, Theologian of the "New Light." Durham NC: Duke University Press.

Harper, R. E. 1969. "The Class Structure of Western Pennsylvania in the Late Eighteenth Century." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Pittsburgh.

Harper, R. Eugene. 1991. The Transformation of Western Pennsylvania, 1770-1800. Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press

Harris, Alex. 1872. A Biographical History of Lancaster County. Lancaster, PA: Elias Barr.

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Harrison, J. Houston. 1975. Settlers by The Long Grey Trail: A Contribution To The History and Genealogy of Colonial Families of Rockingham County, Virginia. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing.

Harrison, John. 1888. The Scot in Ulster. Edinburgh: William Blackwood and Sons. Reprinted in 2009 by Books Ulster, Belfast.

Hart, Freeman Hansford. 1942. The Valley of Virginia in the American Revolution. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.

Harvey, Karen. 2001. "Diamonds in the Rough: Scotch-Irish Town Planning in Northern Appalachia During the Early Republic." Journal of Scotch-Irish Studies 1(2): 107-24.

Harvey, Karen. 2009. "'When I am at the Farthest Frontier of This Coony & among the Wild-Natured Savages': Scotch-Irish and Native Americans on the Susquehanna Frontier of Pennsylvania." Journal of Scotch-Irish Studies 3(1): 68-79.

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Hawbaker, Gary T. 2007. "Passenger Lists and Other References to Irish Immigrants from Early Wilmington, New Castle County, Delaware Newspapers." Familia: Ulster Genealogical Review 23: 65-83.

Head, David M. 1987. "From Frontier to Cotton Kingdom: Material Culture in Newberry District, South Carolina, 1744-1860." Proceedings & Papers of the Georgia Association of Historians 8: 156-70.

Heavner, Robert O. 1978. Economic Aspects of Indentured Servitude in Colonial Pennsylvania. New York: Arno Press.

Heavner, Robert O. 1978. "Indentured Servitude: The Philadelphia Market, 1771-1773." Journal of Economic History 38: 701-13.

Heimart, Alan, and Perry Miller, comps. 1967. The Great Awakening: Documents Illustrating the Crisis and Its Consequences. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill.

Henderson, Archibald. 2016. "The Origin of the Regulation in North Carolina." American Historical Review 21: 320-32.

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Herman, Arthur. 2001. How the Scots Invented the Modern World. New York: Three Rivers Press.

Henry, William Wirt. 1889. "The Scotch-Irish of the South." In The Scotch-Irish in America: Proceedings of the Congress at Columbia, Tennessee, May 8-11, 1889, 110-31. Cincinnati, OH: Robert Clarke & Co.

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Hill, George. 1877. The Conquest of Ireland, An Historical and Genealogical Account of the Plantation in Ulster. Reprinted by Irish Genealogical Foundation, 2004.

Hill, George 1889. Plantation Papers: Containing a Summary Sketch of the Great Ulster Plantation in the Year 1610. Belfast: Northern Whig.

Hindle, Brooke. 1946. "The March of the Paxton Boys." William & Mary Quarterly, third series, 3: 461-86.

Hirschmann, Elizabeth, Stephen Brown, and Pauline MacLaren. 2006. Two Continents, One Culture: The Scotch-Irish in Southern Appalachia. Johnson City, TN: Overmountain.

Review:
Nesbitt, Todd. 2009. West Virginia History: A Journal of Regional Studies, New Series 3: 124-26.

Historical Account of the Late Disturbance between the inhabitants of the Back Settlements of Pennsylvania, and the Philadelphians. c1764. Philadelphia: Anthony Armbruster.

"Historical Novels." 1829. Philadelphia Monthly Magazine 5(Feb. 1): 225-236.

History of Allegheny County, Pennsylvania: Including Its Early Settlement and Progress to the Present Time; A Description of Its Historic and Interesting Localities; Its Cities, Towns and Villages; Religious, Educational, Social and Military History; Mining, Manufacturing and Commercial Interests, Improvements, Resources, Statistics, etc.; Also, Biographies of Many of Its Representative Citizens. 1889. Chicago: A. Warner Co.

Hoban, Charles F., ed. 1831. Pennsylvania Archives, 8 vols., 6, Eighth series, Philadelphia: J. Severns & Company.

Hodge, Charles. 1939-40. The Constitutional History of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America, Part I: 1770 to 1771 and Part II: 1741 to 1788. Philadelphia: William S. Martien.

Hodges, Hugh T. 1986. "Charles Maclay: California Missionary and San Fernando Valley Pioneer - Part I." Southern California Quarterly 68: 119-66.

Hoffman, R., Thad W. Tate, and Peter J. Albert, eds. 1985. An Uncivil War: The Southern Backcountry during the American Revolution. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia.

Hofstadter, Richard. 1971. America at 1750: A Social Portrait. New York: Knopf.

Hofstadter, Richard. 1971. "The Coming of the Americans." American History Illustrated 7(6): 4-16.

Hofstra, Warren R. 1985. "These Fine Prospects: Frederick County, Virginia, 1738-1840." Ph.D. dissertation, University of Virginia.

Hofstra, Warren R. 1990. "Land, Ethnicity, and Community at the Opequon Settlement, Virginia, 1730-1800." Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 98: 423-48.

Hofstra, Warren R. 1991. "Adaptation or Survival: Folk Housing at Opequon Settlement." Ulster Folklife 37: 36-61.

Hofstra, Warren R. 1991. "Land Policy and Settlement in the Northern Shenandoah Valley" In Appalachian Frontiers: Settlement, Society, and Development in the pre-Industrial Era, ed. by Robert D. Mitchell, 105-22. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky.

Hofstra, Warren R. 1993. "Town and Country in Backcountry Virginia: Winchester and the Shenandoah Valley, 1730-1800." Journal of Southern History 59: 610-48.

Hofstra, Warren R. 1993. "The Virginia Backcountry in the Eighteenth Century: Questions of Origins and the Issue of Outcomes." Virginia Magazine of History & Biography 101: 485-508.

Hofstra, Warren R. 1997. "Ethnicity and Community Formation on the Shenandoah Valley Frontier, 1730-1800." In Diversity and Accommodation: Essays on the Cultural Composition of the Virginia Frontier, ed. by Michael J. Puglisi, 59-81. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

Hofstra, Warren. 1998. "'The Extention of His Majesties Dominions': The Virginia Backcountry and the Reconfiguration of Imperial Frontiers." Journal of American History 84: 1281-1312.

Hofstra, Warren, ed. 2000. After the Backcountry: Rural Life in the Great Valley of Virginia 1800-1900. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

Hofstra, Warren. 2004. The Planting of New Virginia: Settlement and Landscape in the Shenandoah Valley. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Reviews:
Massey, Gregory D. 2006. Journal of Backcountry Studies 2.1. .
Moore, Peter N. 2006. Journal of Backcountry Studies 2.1. .
Pearson, Ellen. 2006. Journal of Backcountry Studies 2.1. .
Philyaw, L. Scott. 2006. Journal of Backcountry Studies 2.1. .

Hofstra, Warren R., ed. 2007. Cultures in Conflict: The Seven Years' War in North America. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.

Hofstra, Warren R., ed. 2011. Ulster to America: The Scots-Irish Migration Experience, 1680-1830. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

Reviews:
Atkinson, Roark. 2013. Journal of Southern History 79: 450-52.
Billings, Matthieu. 2012. New Hibernia Review 16(3): 147-49.
Blethen, H. Tyler. 2013. West Virginia History 6: 89-90.
Gleeson, David T. Irish Historical Studies 38: 722-23.
Keeley, Howard. 2012. Pennsylvania Magazine of History & Biography 136: 295-97.
Landsman, Ned. 2013. Journal of Presbyterian History 91: 90-91.
Ray, Celeste. 2014. Journal of American Ethnic History 33(2): 98-100.
Thorp, Daniel B. 2012. Virginia Magazine of History & Biography 120: 271-73.
Vann, Barry A. 2012. Journal of American History 99: 579.
Wells, Ronald A. 2012. Journal of East Tennessee History 84: 113-15.
Young, John R. 2012. Journal of Scottish Historical Studies 32: 217-19.

Hofstra, Warren R. 2011. "Introduction: From the North of Ireland to North America: The Scots-Irish and the Migration Experience." In Ulster to America: The Scots-Irish Migration Experience, 1680-1830, ed. by Warren R. Hofstra, xi-xxvii. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

Hofstra, Warren R. 2011. "Searching for Peace and Prosperity: Opequon Settlement, Virginia, 1730s-1760s." In Ulster to America: The Scots-Irish Migration Experience, 1680-1830, ed. by Warren R. Hofstra, 105-22. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

Hofstra, Warren. 2012. "Backcountry Frontier of Colonial Virginia." Encyclopedia Virginia: http://www.EncyclopediaVirginia.org/Backcountry_Frontier_of_Colonial_Virginia.

Hofstra, Warren R., and Robert D. Mitchell. 1993. "Town and Country in Backcountry Virginia: Winchester and the Shenandoah Valley, 1730-1800." Journal of Southern History 59: 619-46.

Hofstra, Warren, and Philander D. Chase. 1998. George Washington and the Virginia Backcountry. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.

Hofstra, Warren R., and Karl B. Raitz, eds. 2010. The Great Valley Road of Virginia: Shenandoah Landscapes from Prehistory to the Present. Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press.

Holmes, Andrew. 2006. "Ulster Presbyterianism as a Popular Religious Culture 1750-1860." In Elite and Popular Religion: Studies in Church History, ed. by K. Copper and J. Gregory, 315-26. Boydell and Brewer.

Holmes, Andrew. 2006. The shaping of Ulster Presbyterian belief and practice, 1770-1840. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Holmes, Andrew. 2008. "Irish Presbyterian commemorations of their Scottish past, c.1830 to 1914." In Ireland and Scotland in the Nineteenth Century, ed. By Frank Ferguson and James McConnel, 48-61. Dublin: Four Courts.

Holmes, Andrew. 2009. Presbyterian Religion, Historiography and Ulster Scots Identity, c.1800 to 1914." Historical Journal 52: 615-40.

Holmes, Andrew, Robert Armstrong, Scott Spurlock, and Patrick Walsh, ed. 2016. Presbyterian History in Ireland: Two Seventeenth-Century Narratives-Patrick Adair and Andrew Stewart. Belfast: Ulster Historical Foundation.

Holmes, Andrew. 2006. The Shaping of Ulster Presbyterian Belief and Practice, 1770-1840. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Holmes, Finlay. 1990. The Presbyterian Church in Ireland: A Popular History. Dublin: Columba.

Hood, Adrienne S. 2003. "Flax Seed, Fibre and Cloth: Pennsylvania's Domestic Linen Manufacture and Its Irish Connection, 1700-1840." In The European Linen Industry in Historical Perspective, ed. by Brenda Collins and Phillip Ollerenshaw, 139-58. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

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Horn, James. 2001. "British Diaspora: Emigration from Britain, 1680-1815." In The Oxford History of the British Empire, Volume II, ed. by P. J. Marshall, 28-52. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Horn, James, and Ida Altman, eds. 1991. "To Make America": European Emigration in the Early Modern Period. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Horner, Arnold. 2000. "Geographical Regions in Ireland-Reflections at the Millennium." Irish Geography 33: 134-65.

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Horning, Audrey, Colm Donnelly, Ruairí Ó Baoill, and Paul Logue, ed. 2007. The Post-Medieval Archaeology of Ireland: 1550-1850. Dublin: Wordwell.

Horning, Audrey, and Nick Brannon, eds. 2009. Ireland and Britain in the Atlantic World. Dublin: Wordwell.

Horning, Audrey. 2013. Ireland in the Virginian Sea: Colonialism in the British Atlantic World. Omohundro Institute for Early American History and Culture, University of North Carolina Press.

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Houston, Cecil J., and William J. Smyth. 1978. "The Ulster Legacy." Multiculturalism i: 9-12.

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Houston, Cecil J., and William J. Smyth. 1988. "Irish Emigrants to Canada: Whence They Came." In The Untold Story: The Irish in Canada, vol. 1, ed. by R. O'Driscoll and L. Reynolds, 27-35. Toronto: Celtic Arts of Canada.

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Houston, C. J., and William J. Smyth. 1992. "Irish Emigration to Canada: The Directive Role of William Hutton." Familia 2(8): 158-73.

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Reviews:
Brent Brackett. 2008. Journal of Backcountry Studies 3.1. .
Weir, Robert M. 2008. Journal of Backcountry Studies 3.1. .

Moore, Peter N. 2007. World of Toil and Strife. Journal of Backcountry Studies 2.1.

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Review:
Jameson, J. F. 1920. "The American Historical Review, 1895-1920." American Historical Review 26: 1-17.

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Reviews:
Blethen, H. Tyler. 2013. West Virginia History: A Journal of Regional Studies 7: 75-76.
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Review:
Marsh, Ben. 2009. Journal of American History 95: 1132-33,

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Review:
Maass, John R. 2014. Journal of Backcountry Studies 9.1.

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Reviews:
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Reviews:
Fahey, David M. 1988. History: Reviews of New Books 16(Spring): 118-19.
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Hall, Van Beck. 1988. Pennsylvania History 55: 230-31.
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Westerkamp, Marilyn. 2000. "Division, Dissension, and Compromise: The Presbyterian Church during the Great Awakening." Journal of Presbyterian History 78(1): 3-18

Westerkamp, Marilyn. 2006. "Toward a National Identity." Journal of Presbyterian History 84: 17-22.

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Wilson, David A., and Mark G. Spencer, eds. 2006. Ulster Presbyterians in the Atlantic World. Dublin: Four Courts.

Review:
Holmes, Andrew. 2007. Irish Economic and Social History 34: 160-62.

Wilson, Howard McKnight. 1954. The Tinkling Spring, Headwater of Freedom: A Study of the Church and Her People, 1732-1952. Fishersville, VA: Tinkling Spring and Hermitage Presbyterian Churches.

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Wilson, Kathleen Curtis. 2001. "Material Culture: An Opportunity to Study the Blending of Ethnic Traditions." Journal of Scotch-Irish Studies 1(2): 66-85.

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Wokeck, Marianne. 1999. Trade in Strangers: The Beginnings of Mass Migration to North America. University Park, PA: Pennsylvania State University Press.

Reviews:
Ellis, David. 2000. Reviews in American History 28: 181.
Fogleman, Aaron. 2000. Journal of American Ethnic History 20: 85-88.
Galenson, David W. 2000. Journal of Interdisciplinary History 31: 125-26.
Klepp, Susan E. 2000. Pennsylvania History 67: 451-53.
Menard, Russell R. 2000. Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography 124: 205-06.

Wokeck, Marianne S. 2002. "Family and Servants: Critical Links in the Eighteenth-Century Immigration Chain to the Delaware Valley." Familia: Ulster Genealogical Review 18.

Wokeck, Marrianne S. 2011. "Searching for a Land: The Role of Newcastle, Delaware, 1720s-1770s." In Ulster to America: The Scots-Irish Migration Experience, 1680-1830, ed. by Warren R. Hofstra, 25-50. Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press.

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Woodburn, J. A. "Scotch-Irish Presbyterians in Monroe County." Indiana Historical Society Publications 4.

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Review:
Irish Church Quarterly. July 1915. 8: 258-59.

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Yeager, Kevin Lee. 2001. "The Power of Ethnicity: The Preservation of Scots-Irish Culture in the Eighteenth-Century American Backcountry." Ph.D. dissertation, Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University. Dissertation Abstracts International 61: 12: 92-A. DA9998720.

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Young, Chester. 1969. "The Effects of the French and Indian War on the Civilian Life of the Frontier Counties of Virginia." Ph.D. dissertation, Vanderbilt University.

Young, William R. 1932. Fighters of Derry: Their Deeds and Descendants. Eyre and Spottiswoode, London. Reprinted 2016 by Library Ireland.

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Zelinsky, Wilbur. 1961. "An Approach to the Religious Geography of the United States: Patterns of Church Membership in 1952." Annals of the Association of American Geography 51: 139-93.

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Zimmerman, Philip D. 2014. "The Donegal Presbyterian Meetinghouse." Journal of the Lancaster County Historical Society 115(4): 114-31.

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This biography of Dr. Montgomery has been taken from the "Southern Appalachian Language" site. A new biography for Dr. Montgomery will be posted shortly.

For information please contact the Society secretary:
scotchirishsociety@yahoo.com
or write to:
ATTN: Pat McKee Mulvey, Secretary
The Scotch-Irish Society USA
P0 Box 15
Verbank, NY 12585-9998